How to Prepare Your Pet Before Surgery

How to Prepare Your Pet Before Surgery

It could be rather frustrating to bring your pet in for surgical treatment. Pet owners might feel more comfortable if their pet is prepared for an upcoming treatment. Many pets have never been left alone overnight by their owners, and some owners bother with leaving their animals in the care of strangers in a new environment.

If your cat or dog needs surgical treatment, your vet might require you to do a few preliminary activities. Doing this will make the operation’s day a little bit less stressful.

How can owners get their animals ready for surgery?

  • Unless otherwise instructed by your doctor or technician, avoid feeding your pet at least 12 hours before the veterinary surgical process. Fasting lowers motion sickness and the possibility of vomiting when receiving anesthesia. Animals with diseases that impact glucose control and very young patients may be exempt.
  • Refraining from taking morning medicines during the day of surgery is generally okay.
  • See your veterinarian or technician for advice if your pet is taking medicine that has to be administered with food and can not be held back.
  • Give your pet at least two days if you want to wash or groom them before the surgical procedure. Epithelial cells that protect against infection can occasionally be removed by bathing.
  • Avoid shaving the surgery site.
  • It is often recommended to reduce activity levels before surgery if your pet has an orthopedic concern.

Pre-Operative Care

The veterinarian will do whatever examinations they feel essential before preparing your dog or cat for surgery when they are brought to the veterinary facility. A surgeon might occasionally administer a sedative to help pets relax before surgery. A tiny piece of fur on one of your pet’s legs might frequently need to be removed by the surgeon to insert an IV.

The surgical site will also likely be cleaned and sterilized. A vet will insert an IV catheter before beginning the anesthetic. A registered nurse will track your pet’s vital signs during surgery and recovery.

Post-Operative Care

Following the procedure, your pet is moved into a warm, dry room where they are kept under monitoring as they recuperate from the anesthetic. You will get updates following the procedure to learn how the process went and how your pet is healing.

Most surgery patients will remain in the hospital overnight. When you pick up your pet, a vet will discuss the post-operative home care instructions with you one more time. Following surgery, all pets are given painkillers and, in some circumstances, antibiotics, so you’ll probably need to supply medication.

Surgical boarding for pets may easily supplement any spay/neuter or dental procedure to ensure no detail is neglected for post-operative care.

Most Common Pet Surgeries

Spaying and neutering, the most popular pet procedure for cats and dogs, is something veterinarians advise for all animals. Following spaying and neutering, some of the non-emergency and urgent procedures are:

  • Cancer Surgeries – Pets need surgery for various routine procedures, including those on the spleen, liver, intestinal tract, and peritoneum.
  • Dental Surgery – An animal’s overall and oral health are closely related. Organs, including the heart and liver, can become infected with germs from infected teeth. Click here if you’re looking for a highly recommended dental facility.
  • Skin Mass Removal – As they age, both cats and dogs are vulnerable to developing benign tumors under their skin.
  • Surgical ACL Repair – Anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, tears are widespread in canines. Surgical treatment is commonly needed to fix the bones and lessen the possibility of further injury.


Your pet’s age, health, and type of surgery will affect how it should be treated later. It’s essential to provide your pet time to recuperate from surgical treatment because they may feel worn out for 12 to 24 hours afterward. Make your pet comfortable when confined by providing bedding or blankets. If your pet moves around excessively, the injuries may not heal correctly after surgery. Inform your veterinarian immediately when swelling or bruising appears on the operation site following the treatment.