What Are the Most Common Services Offered by Dentists?

When it comes to maintaining our overall health, taking good care of our teeth and gums is essential. Dentists play a vital role in ensuring that our oral health is up to scratch. From regular checkups to complex procedures, the variety of services they offer can cover the spectrum of any dental needs you might have. 

Whether you’re in for a routine cleaning or something a bit more involved, understanding the common services offered by dental professionals can help you take proactive steps toward a healthier smile.

Preventative Dentistry

At the foundation of dental care are preventative services. These are the basics that help prevent diseases before they take hold in your mouth. Regular visits to your dentist for exams and cleanings are the cornerstones of a healthy oral routine.

Teeth Cleanings and Oral Examinations

One of the most frequent reasons to visit the dentist is for a semi-annual cleaning and examination. During this time, dental hygienists clean your teeth, removing plaque and tartar that regular brushing and flossing might miss. Dentists also conduct a thorough examination of your teeth, gums, and mouth, looking for signs of potential issues such as cavities or gum disease.

Dental X-Rays

X-rays are an important tool in preventative dentistry, allowing dentists to see in between the teeth and under the gum line to identify issues that aren’t visible to the naked eye. These can include cavities, hidden dental structures, and bone loss that could require more extensive treatment.

Fluoride Treatments

Many dental offices offer fluoride treatments as a way to strengthen teeth and prevent decay. Fluoride is a mineral that helps harden the tooth enamel, making your teeth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth.

Restorative Dentistry

When problems are identified, restorative services ensure that your teeth are treated and brought back to optimal health. These services can range from small fillings to replacement teeth.


Fillings are among the most common dental restorations. When decay has caused a cavity to form on a tooth’s surface, a filling is used to restore the tooth’s integrity and function after the decay has been removed.

Dental Crowns

When a tooth is damaged or decayed to the point where it needs more than just a filling, a dental crown is often the solution. Crowns are caps shaped like a tooth that cover the existing structure, reinforcing it and helping to keep its original shape.

Dental Bridges and Implants

For those missing one or more teeth, dental implants and bridges are common solutions. Implants are metal posts that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath your gums. Once in place, they allow your dentist to mount replacement teeth onto them. Bridges, on the other hand, are used to “bridge” the gap created by one or more missing teeth.

Cosmetic Dentistry

Aside from health-related services, many patients visit dentists for cosmetic reasons. A bright and symmetrical smile can boost confidence, and dental professionals offer a variety of services aimed at improving the look of your teeth.

Teeth Whitening

Over time, our teeth can become stained from foods, drinks, smoking, and other lifestyle factors. Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dental services to enhance the brightness of your smile. Many dental practices offer teeth whitening treatment on-site using professional-grade products, which can achieve more significant results than over-the-counter methods.


Dental veneers are thin, custom-made shells designed to cover the front surface of teeth. They are often used to correct issues such as discolored, worn down, chipped, or misaligned teeth, and they provide a significant cosmetic improvement to your smile.


Orthodontic services involve the correction of misaligned teeth and jaws. While traditional braces are still widely used, many dentists also offer more modern treatments like clear aligners, which can straighten teeth without the aesthetic impact of metal braces.

Periodontal Services

Gum health is just as important as the health of your teeth. Periodontal services focus on the structures that support your teeth, including your gums and the bones underneath.

Scaling and Root Planing

Also known as deep cleaning, scaling, and root planing, these are procedures used to treat gum disease. Scaling involves removing plaque and tartar from below the gum line, while root planing smoothes the tooth root to help the gums reattach to the tooth.

Gum Graft Surgery

This surgical procedure is often prescribed when gums have severely receded, potentially exposing the roots of the teeth. By grafting tissue to the affected area, dentists can protect the roots and reduce sensitivity.

Endodontic Services

Endodontics involves treating problems within the tooth itself, particularly issues related to the tooth pulp and nerves.

Root Canal Treatment

A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or infected. The procedure involves removing the damaged area of the tooth, cleaning and disinfecting it, then filling and sealing it.

Oral Surgery

Some dental conditions require surgery to correct. Oral surgery services can range from simple tooth extractions to more complex procedures.

Wisdom Tooth Removal

Wisdom teeth often emerge in our late teens or early twenties. Some people have sufficient space in their mouths for these molars, while others can experience pain, crowding, or other complications. For such cases, wisdom teeth removal in Ewing or similar locations can provide relief and prevent future dental issues.

Dental Extractions

While saving a natural tooth is always preferable, there are times when a tooth extraction is necessary. This could be due to severe decay, advanced periodontal disease, or because a tooth is broken in a way that cannot be repaired.

Closing Thoughts

The range of services offered by dentists is vast, addressing not only the health and function of your teeth and gums but also the aesthetics of your smile. It’s essential to visit your dental office regularly to take advantage of preventive services and catch potential problems early. With proper care and intervention, you can preserve your oral health and ensure that your smile remains bright and beautiful for years to come.